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What is Gingival Inflammation?

What is Gingival Inflammation?

Gingivitis, known as gingivitis, is a gum problem caused by dental plaque accumulated in the teeth irritating the gums. Since it constitutes the initial stage of gum diseases, early diagnosis and treatment is very important. Gingivitis that is not treated at this stage can progress and lead to serious periodontal problems. Regular and effective tooth brushing and oral care are essential to prevent gingivitis. In case of adverse conditions such as swelling of the gums, bleeding gums during tooth brushing or bad odor in the mouth, a dentist should be consulted as soon as possible.

Gingivitis occurs when adequate attention is not paid to oral and dental care. Infections in the gums due to some systemic diseases or malnutrition are also among the factors that cause gingivitis. Gingivitis is a bacterial infection. It can cause pain depending on the severity of the inflammation. When gingivitis is recognized at the initial stage, it heals with adequate oral hygiene. However, if care is not taken, it can cause serious problems.

What are the symptoms of gingivitis?

Gingivitis often goes unnoticed at the initial stage. As gingivitis progresses, symptoms appear. The most common symptoms of gingivitis are as follows:

*Gum recession,

*Bleeding gums during tooth brushing,

*Swelling, redness, tenderness in the gums

*Pain when chewing or speaking,

*Sensitivity to heat or cold,

*Bad odor in the mouth,

*Jiggling of the teeth,

*White-colored pus formation.

What are the causes of gingivitis?

When food residues are not cleaned well, they accumulate in the pocket between the tooth and gum and form a layer of bacterial plaque called dental plaque. This plaque layer presses on the gums and causes gingivitis. The biggest cause of gingivitis is bacterial plaque, but other causes can be listed as follows:



*Some systemic diseases,


Genetic factors,

*Use of systemic drugs that affect the gums,

*Structural defects in the teeth,

*Old fillings that are broken or need to be replaced.


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